Sights of Canada
Canada is the second largest in the world in area. There are many rivers, lakes, and forests occupy almost half of the country. Also this country has a rich history. Therefore, it is not surprising that in Canada there are many different attractions.
Conventionally, they can be divided into two types: natural and historical. Natural, in the first place, include numerous national parks. Flora and fauna in them has been preserved almost in its original form. Also included are rivers, lakes and waterfalls. Historical monuments are museums and places where memorable events have occurred. As well as temples, churches and various architectural structures.
What to see and where to go in Canada?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and a brief description.
1. Niagara Falls
Located on the border of two countries: Canada and the United States. The part that is located in Canadian territory has the shape of a horseshoe. Often this waterfall is called that. It is considered the most powerful in North America. Horseshoe annually takes from 8 cm to 2 m of Canadian territory. To stop this process, a whole system of canals and drainage systems has been created.
2. Parliament Hill (Ottawa)
Located on the south bank of the river in Ottawa and is the heart of the city. It is a symbol of national rebirth. It is an architectural complex in which the highest authorities of the country sit. Initially, the central part was built in the 19th century, but later a fire broke out and it was destroyed. In 1922, the complex was restored. Its highest part is called the Tower of Peace. It is dedicated to Canadians who died during the First World War.
3. Stanley Park (Vancouver)
Located on the peninsula. It is washed by the waters of the English Gulf, Vancouver Harbor. The park is bordered by downtown Vancouver. It was opened in 1888, named after the 6th Governor General of Canada. The area of the park is more than 400 hectares. Most of it is occupied by forests that are more than a hundred years old. The territory also has a miniature railway, a summer theater, tennis courts and a golf course, monuments and sculptures, and the Vancouver Aquarium.
4. Granville Island (Vancouver)
This is Vancouver’s mall. This is where a huge market is located where you can buy clothes, products, wood products, fish and much more. In fact, this is not an island, but a peninsula. It is located under the Granville Street Bridge, next to Falls Creek. There is also a water park, which is the most popular and largest in British Columbia.
5. Mont Royal (Montreal)
The mountain is located in Montreal. It has 3 peaks, the highest point is 233 meters. The mountain is located between the Appalachians and the Lavrentian Upland. In 1876 a park was established here. Another attraction is the Cross on Mont Royale. The first version of the Cross was installed in 1643 as a token of gratitude to the Virgin Mary. Also here is the Oratory of St. Joseph, which is a place of Catholic pilgrimage.
6. Castle Hotel Chateau Frontenac (Quebec)
The castle is one of the symbols of the province of Quebec. Built and opened in 1893. Later it was completed several times. In 1981, it was included in the list of National Historic Sites. The author of the project is the American architect Bruce Price. It was here that in 1943 Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt negotiated. Now the castle houses a hotel, which is considered one of the most photographed in the world.
7. CN Tower (Toronto)
The tower was built in 1975 and is a symbol of Toronto. This is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. It is also one of the seven engineering wonders of the world today. The tower is used for telecommunication needs, there is an observation deck and a revolving restaurant. The observation deck is very popular among tourists. Its floor is made of thick tempered glass. This allows you to take a walk over the city.
8. Basilica of Notre Dame de Montreal
The cathedral is located in the historic center of Montreal in the Place de Armas. The first option was built in 1672. But the modern version of the basilica was erected in the XIX century. The author of the project was Protestant Architect James O , Donnel. At that time, the temple became the largest religious building in North America. Unfortunately, in 1978, the chapel of the basilica was badly damaged by fire. She was restored, but with changes.
9. Oratorio of St. Joseph (Montreal)
Located on the Mont-Royal mountain in Montreal. About 2 million people visit it annually. This place is very popular among Catholics. The oratorio was built in 1924. The founder is the monk Andre Bessett, who was canonized by the pope in 2010. During his lifetime, the monk healed many people, but now in the Oratorio there are many confirmed healings. The church of Rome confirmed the truth of these miracles.
10. Street Petite Champlain (Quebec)
Located in the historical part of Quebec. The street was founded at the end of the XVII century. Its first inhabitants were French artisans. It is here that the oldest buildings in Canada are well preserved. The street is rich in architectural and historical monuments. For example, the area of Weapons refers to them. Those who wish are invited to ride on the street in a horse-drawn carriage.
11. Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto)
Opened in 1857. At first it was called the Museum of Natural History, but in 1912 it was renamed Royal. It is located in Toronto on Bloor Street and Avenue Road near Queen’s Park. The museum’s collection has about 6 million exhibits and 40 galleries. And 150 years after its opening, the architect Daniel Libeskind transformed the museum building. It is made in the form of crystals.
12. Ripley Aquarium (Toronto)
Opened in 2013. It is the largest in Canada. There is a wide variety of marine and freshwater inhabitants. A glass tunnel with a moving floor is especially popular. There is a zone similar to Canadian Great Lakes. And also an area similar to the Indian Ocean. This aquarium is one of the largest collections of jellyfish in the world. There are also “elders” – 100-year-old lobsters.
13. Royal Museum of British Columbia (Victoria)
Built in 1886, and now the number of exhibits is more than 7 million. This is the main attraction of the province of Victoria. And the royal title was awarded to the museum by Queen Elizabeth II. There are many different galleries, but there are three permanent ones: the history of local peoples, as well as natural and modern. Many different artifacts, there is even a Victorian submarine.
14. Historic Village Heritage Park (Calgary)
The life of Western Canada was recreated in the village from 1860 to 1950. The open-air museum is located on 127 acres of land. It is proposed to make a trip by train, horse carriage. Improvised actors recreate the life of those times. In addition to exploring the old streets, it is proposed to inspect the decoration of houses, schools, shops.
15. Royal Tyrrell Museum and Dinosor Park
The park is located in the province of Alberta, in the valley of the Red Deer River. It was created in 1955 in order to protect the excavation sites of fossil animals. In 1979, the park was included in the UNESCO list. And if earlier finds from the park were transported to museums across the country, in recent years they have become exhibits of the Tyrrell Museum. This museum is located near the park. It has a rich collection, but also has a well-equipped laboratory. The museum has 10 exhibition galleries and in each of them there is a certain era of planetary development. Until the appearance of man.
16. Hockey Hall of Fame (Toronto)
The hall was opened in 1943, but for a long time it did not have a permanent location. It is now located in Toronto on Young Street, in the former Bank of Montreal building. It demonstrates the development of not only Canadian, but also European hockey. Here are stands with skates and clubs of different times. There are also handicrafts. But the pride of the Hall is the Stanley Cup.
17. Underground City (Montreal)
It was opened in 1962. It is a large shopping center located underground. There is almost everything here: various shops, offices, hotels, cinemas, garages, concert halls, restaurants and cafes. Underground are even residential complexes. From here there are exits to almost all of the city’s on-ground shopping and business centers. You can get around with buses and the subway.
18. Castle of Casa Loma (Toronto)
The castle was built at the beginning of the 20th century. Its owner was Sir Henry Pellatus, and the architect was Edward Lennox. The castle has 98 rooms, a large library, a botanical garden. There are shower rooms. For some time the castle housed a hotel. However, then the government took possession of the property. After that, the question arose of demolishing the castle, but nevertheless it was decided to open a museum here.
19. Quebec fortress
Located on Cape Diaman. This is an integral part of strengthening the old city. The fortress was built in 1812. But before that there were fortifications. However, the construction of the fortress made this section impassable for the enemy. Later, the residence of the first persons of the state was located here. And in 1943-1944, conferences were held in these walls with the participation of Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, William King. Now here is a museum.
20. Rideau Canal (Ottawa)
The canal was built in 1832 in case of war with the United States. It is one of the oldest existing channels in North America. It was built for steam vessels. Now used for tourism purposes. In summer, boat trips are offered, and in winter it turns into one of the largest ice rinks in the world. The channel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here, the original gateways, channel-forming structures, are perfectly preserved.
21. Canadian Rockies Parks
This is a system of four national parks: Banff, Jasper, Kutenay and Yoho. It also includes three provincial parks in British Columbia, hot springs, glaciers and mountains, the origins of major river systems. Since 1984 – a UNESCO site. Banff is Canada’s oldest national park. On its territory there are many glaciers and coniferous forests. Jasper is the largest Rocky Mountains nature reserve. Here is Malain Lake. Kutenei has a wide variety of landscapes, from cacti to glaciers. Yoho is located in a mountainous area. On its territory there are many lakes and waterfalls.
22. Wood Buffalo
National Park, located in the central part of the country between the lakes Athabasca and the Great Slave. It has long and cold winters, but warm and short summers. On the territory you can see grassy prairies and meadow plains. It is in Wood Buffalo that the largest herd of American bison lives on the continent. Cranes and pelicans nest here. There are also moose and deer, beavers and wolves in the park.
23. Gros Morne
National Park on Newfoundland Island. It was founded in 1973. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is a wide variety of landscapes. There are glacial valleys, waterfalls, fjords, lakes. On the territory of the park are the Long Range Mountains – this is the oldest mountain system in the world. The uniqueness lies in the fact that here you can observe the drift of the continents.
24. Signal Hill (St. Johns)
This is a hill near the city of St. John’s, on which fortifications and a signal flagpole are located. They appeared on a hill in the XVII century after the Seven Years War. During the reign of Queen Victoria, the Cabot Tower was erected here. Now this place is the National Historic Site of Canada. In summer, historical reconstructions are often performed here.
25. Butchart Gardens
This is a demonstration flower park. Located in the city of Brentwood. The arrangement of the garden began at the beginning of the 20th century. Previously, there was a limestone quarry. After development, it was covered with earth. And from that time on, Jenny Pym, the wife of the quarry owner, began to break the garden. The place gained popularity in 1920. Now there are 5 thematic gardens: sunken, rose garden, Japanese, Italian, Mediterranean. They are open to visitors all year round.
26. Montreal Botanical Garden
It is one of the most famous botanical gardens in the world. It was opened in 1936, and in 2007 it was included in the list of Canadian historical sites. On the territory there are: Japanese, Chinese, English, Alpine gardens, rose garden, azalea, rhododendron garden, garden of aquatic plants. There is also a poisonous plant garden and the First Nations Garden. Squirrels, ducks, turtles, herons inhabit this territory.
27. Capilano Suspension Bridge (Vancouver)
Built in 1889. This is a project by engineer George Grand McCain. The first option was made of hemp rope and cedar boards. But in 1956 it was completely rebuilt, as the old version fell into disrepair. Located at an altitude of 70 meters, and the river below it seems very small. The bridge is privately owned. All rights to it is Nancy Stibbart.
28. Montmorency Waterfall
Located within the city of Quebec in the Montmorency park. The waterfall has a height of 84 meters. It was opened in 1613 by Samuel de Champlain. Nowadays, a pedestrian bridge has been built over the waterfall, and below the Montmorency River flows under the highway. The pedestrian bridge is also an observation platform. It offers a beautiful view of the St. Lawrence River, into which Montmorency flows. Orleans Island is also clearly visible.
29. Thousand Islands
This natural attraction is an archipelago of islands. It stretches along the Canadian border in Ontario along the source of the St. Lawrence River. In total, 1864 islands are located here. Back in the 19th century, these islands became the cause of contention between Canada and the United States. After Canada won, they became a place for good recreation and tourism.
30. Hopewell Rocks (Fundy Bay)
The second name is Rocks of Flower Pots. Located on the shores of Fundy Bay at Cape Hopewell. Here, twice a day, the maximum tide occurs, and the rocks almost to the top are immersed in water. They have an unusual shape. And the reason for this is the tides. But to see and understand the entire tidal cycle, the park should be visited twice a day.
31. The Great Lakes
It is a system of freshwater lakes in North America. This includes a number of large and medium-sized reservoirs connected by smaller ones. The largest include: Upper, Huron, Michigan, Erie, Ontario. It has developed fishing, shipping, there are many ports. This system is one of the largest accumulations of fresh water on the planet. Now the ecological situation of the lakes has improved significantly. They are very attractive for tourists.
32. Johnstone Strait
Located along the northeast coast of Vancouver. The width of the strait is 2.5-5 km. Throughout its length there are no cities, towns. For the west coast of North America is the main navigation channel. In the warm season, about 150 killer whales come here, and tourists often come to see them. And in order to study killer whales in their natural habitat, an ecological reserve was opened.
33. Icefields Parkway Highway
This highway was laid in the 1970s for tourists. The main function is to connect the national parks of Banff and Jasper. During the trip, picturesque views of the surroundings open. Driving along it you can see glaciers, the highest mountains of Canada, glacial lakes. Also along the route you can see bears, mountain goats and cougars, eagles, moose.
34. Whistler Blackcomb Resort
The famous ski resort located in British Columbia. Among the best in North America and in the world. Here you can ride on the slope of the glacier. The snow cover reaches 914 cm. This is one of the snowiest places on the planet. And in 2010, the Winter Olympic Games were held in this place.
35. Mount Grouse (Vancouver)
One of the main attractions of Vancouver. It is part of the North Shore mountain range. You can climb the mountain with the help of a funicular; from here you can enjoy a wonderful view of the surroundings and the ocean. In winter, 25 slopes and several ski slopes are open here, which are suitable for both experienced and beginner skiers.